Gender Differences in Psychophysiological Responses to Music Listening

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    Tyler Akey


    Citation: Gupta, U., & Gupta, B. S. (2016). Gender Differences in Psychophysiological Responses to Music Listening. Music and Medicine, 8(1), 53-64.

    Affiliation: Banaras Hindu University

    Abstract: This study presents a comparative account of psychophysiological responses to music listening in healthy males and
    females. The stimulus material was a slow-paced taped rāga Desi-Todi on a flute. The participants listened to music for
    30 minutes a day, for 20 days. Pre- and post-treatment procedure was adopted for assessments on psychophysiological
    measures. The study supports the following conclusions: (1) music listening produced significant decreases in the
    blood pressure (both systolic and diastolic) and heart rate of females, but had no significant effect in males; (2) music
    listening reduced stress, anxiety and depression, enhanced life satisfaction, optimism and hope, and was perceived as
    making life more meaningful in males and females; (3) the effects of music listening, that is, reduction in negative
    affect, enhancement of positive affect (except the ‘hope’ scores), and decrease in blood pressure and heart rate, were
    more intense in females than males.

    Keywords: music listening, gender differences, psychophysiological responses, negative affect, positive affect, blood pressure, heart rate

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