Effectiveness of a Trauma/Grief–Focused Group Intervention: A Qualitative Study with War–Exposed Bosnian Adolescents
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GROUP PSYCHOTHERAPY, 57 (3) 2007
JONATHAN COX, B.S.
D. ROB DAVIES, PH.D.
GARY M. BURLINGAME, PH.D.
J. ERIC CAMPBELL, M.ED.
CHRISTOPHER M. LAYNE, PH.D.
R. JASON KATZENBACH
The effectiveness and impacts of a school–based, trauma/grief–focused group treatment program for war–exposed youth in Bosnia and Herzegovina were in- vestigated using semistructured focus groups, conducted separately for students and their school counselor group leaders. Overall, students’ and leaders’ evaluations of the groups were generally positive. General themes of outcomes and im- pacts perceived by students and group leaders include: acquisition of coping skills and attitudes, willingness to advocate for peers, improved interpersonal relation- ships, negative impacts, general positive impacts, impacts in the schools, impacts on the group and logistics of the program, and broader impacts on the perception of mental health in the community. The broad positive impacts of this program suggest that trauma/grief-focused group treatment intervention programs target- ing trauma–exposed youth may be effective on multiple levels with war–exposed youth and their communities.