March 9, 2015 at 6:10 pm #79645Silvia LiParticipant
Randomized Trial of Group Music Therapy With Chinese Prisoners: Impact on Anxiety, Depression, and Self-Esteem.
Chen XJ(1), Hannibal N(2), Gold C(3).
(1)Aalborg University, Denmark email@example.com. (2)Aalborg University, Denmark.
(3)Uni Research, Bergen, Norway.
This study investigated the effects of group music therapy on improving anxiety, depression, and self-esteem in Chinese prisoners. Two-hundred male prisoners were randomly assigned to music therapy (n = 100) or standard care (n = 100). The music therapy had 20 sessions of group therapy compared with standard care. Anxiety (State and Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI]), depression (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]), and self-esteem (Texas Social Behavior Inventory [TSBI], Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory [RSI]) were measured by standardized scales at baseline, mid-program, and post-program. Data were analyzed based on the intention to treat principle. Compared with standard care, anxiety and depression in the music therapy condition decreased significantly at mid-test and post-test; self-esteem improved significantly at mid-test (TSBI) and at post-test (TSBI, RSI). Improvements were greater in younger participants (STAI-Trait, RSI) and/or in those with a lower level of education (STAI-State, STAI-Trait). Group music therapy seems to be effective in improving anxiety, depression, and self-esteem and was shown to be most beneficial for prisoners of younger age or with lower education level.
© The Author(s) 2015.
anxiety; depression; group music therapy; prisoners; self-esteem
PMID: 25733743 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
March 11, 2015 at 11:09 pm #79666Silvia LiParticipant
Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol. 2015 Mar 2. pii: 0306624X15572795. [Epub ahead of print]
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